Jaundice is one of the diseases that occurs in infants, a few days after he was born. As the name implies, this disease causes the skin, eyes, and mouth of the Small Yellow.
Here's the explanation. When born, the baby's blood contains many chemicals, one of which is bilirubin. The baby's liver takes several days to break down this substance, causing jaundice. Symptoms, the baby's skin will look yellowish or the white part of the baby's eyes will look yellow. Babies may also experience yellowing of the gums and tongue or nails of the hands and feet. Other symptoms are baby urine that is deep yellow, and the baby looks tired and becomes a bit fussy.
Jaundice can go away by itself or with mild treatment for one or two weeks. Besides jaundice or jaundice can take up to two months in premature babies. However, if jaundice does not heal in more than a month, jaundice can also be a more serious disease, in very rare cases. Severe or untreated jaundice can cause brain damage called kernicterus. This can cause serious life-long problems.
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How Long Does Yellow Jaundice Attack?
Jaundice occurs because the baby's blood has excess bilirubin, the yellow pigment in red blood cells. Bilirubin is a by-product made when the body breaks old red blood cells. This one thing will be removed from the blood by the liver and eventually the body will be removed through feces.
When the baby is still in the womb, the task is done by the mother's liver. However, after the baby is born, the baby must do the work himself. Now, because a new baby is born, the baby's heart still needs time to start the new work, so it's not ready to break the bilirubin. Finally, bilirubin accumulates in the baby's blood and causes the baby's skin and eyes to turn yellow.
In premature babies, of course the liver is immature, so it is more likely to experience jaundice. Jaundice is also more likely to occur in infants who experience a lack of fluids. This can occur because insufficient fluid can cause bilirubin levels in the blood to increase, causing jaundice.
Jaundice can also be caused by other things, for example infections, lack of enzymes, problems with the baby's digestive system (especially the liver), or problems with the blood type of mother and baby, but this is very rare. Your child may experience this problem if the jaundice appears less than one day after birth. In healthy babies, jaundice usually only appears a few days (2-3 days) after the baby is born.
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Jaundice caused by rhesus (Rh) blood problems occur because the mother and baby have different blood types, so the mother's body will produce antibodies that can fight the baby's red blood cells. This will also cause bilirubin buildup in the baby's blood. Actually, this can be prevented by giving the mother an injection of Rh immune globulin. Mother don't be afraid because there are many ways to deal with yellow babies.
What can be a sign of jaundice?
There are several signs if your toddler is jaundiced. Babies who have jaundice will show signs such as:
- The baby's skin color will turn yellow, first it will start from the face, then the chest, stomach, and legs
- The white part of the baby's eyes will also turn yellow
- To find out, you can gently press the baby's forehead or nose. If the baby's skin that you press appears yellowish afterwards, maybe your baby has a mild jaundice. How to deal with a yellow baby with mild jaundice, Mother can fulfill her daily nutritional needs.
Babies who have high bilirubin levels in the blood, usually will also show suddenly as being unable to suck the breast properly, the baby becomes fussy or restless, and can cry in a high tone.
How to handle it?
There are several ways to deal with yellow babies that you can try. First you have to check your baby's bilirubin level first. If bilirubin levels are not too high, usually jaundice will disappear by itself without any treatment and treatment. The doctor will check by pressing the baby's chest, holding it, and then removing it. If the pressure area is yellow, you can be sure that your baby is jaundiced. Don't be sad, Mom, the doctor will definitely continue to work on it and monitor your baby until the bilirubin level drops and stabilizes under normal conditions.
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The doctor can also decide whether your baby needs phototherapy, by putting the baby in a box, then illuminating it with light from an ultraviolet lamp (bili-lamp) for several days. The purpose of this therapy is to convert biliribun in skin tissue that is not soluble in water to dissolve in water so that it can be removed through urine. How to deal with yellow babies with phototherapy is one safe alternative to do.
If the baby is strong enough to take home, the doctor will usually recommend that the mother hang the baby in the morning sun. Sunbathing is one good way to deal with yellow babies, you can dry your little one between 7 and 9. When drying, protect the baby's eyes from the sun. Please, Mother also pay attention to baby's skin so as not to cause irritation due to sun exposure. One more thing that is important for you to do is to breastfeed as many babies and as often as possible!