Having the ideal weight before becoming pregnant is the best thing to prevent complications and problems that can arise during pregnancy. body weight greatly determines a person's nutritional status, while nutritional status affects health status, this also applies to pregnant women. Abnormal nutritional status will cause some health problems in the mother and fetus that are being conceived.
Disorders that can occur if you have excessive weight during pregnancy are:
- Gestational diabetes. Obese pregnant women have a greater chance of developing diabetes during pregnancy compared to mothers who have normal nutritional status and body weight
- Preeclampsia, namely high blood pressure and the presence of protein in the mother's urine.
- Slow birth
- Increases the chance for cesarean delivery
- Infections, especially urinary tract infections
- Problem at birth
- Pregnant women who are underweight or underweight, their weight is recommended to increase by 12-18 kg.
- Pregnant women with ideal body weight, must increase body weight around 11-15 kg.
- Pregnant women with excessive body weight and have a body mass index between 25-27 kg / m2, should at least increase their weight around 6-11 kg.
- While obese women with a body mass index of more than 27 kg / m2 around 4-9 kg
- So don't think about losing weight while pregnant. The most important thing is how to keep the pregnancy healthy even though the mother has excess weight.
The most important thing that can prevent a pregnant woman who has excess weight experiences various pregnancy disorders is by doing a healthy lifestyle, eating regularly, choosing healthy foods, and doing sports regularly.
How to keep your pregnancy healthy even though I have excessive weight?
Have a healthy diet. Planning, choosing, and managing food to eat is the best way to implement a healthy life. If you often feel hungry, it's better for your eating schedule to be more frequent. For example, in a day you can divide your meal time into 6 meals. But still with the same calorie needs in a day, only the division of time and portions of food are different. If necessary, discuss your diet plan with a nutritionist.
Regular exercise. Some pregnant women are afraid to exercise because they think that exercise has a negative impact on their baby. Indeed, regular exercise can help maintain the health of the mother and the growing fetus. You can exercise lightly but regularly, such as walking, swimming, gardening, yoga, or even jogging. While exercise that must be avoided first during pregnancy is cycling, or other activities that cause excessive fatigue.